Friday, February 22nd, 2019
.

TOP NEWS: Is the Tigrai People’s Liberation Front a Communist Party?

Published on December 10, 2017 by   ·   No Comments

Since the oust of the brutal socialist military dictatorship from power in 1991, a large portion of the Ethiopian people have desired and dreamed living in a democratic system of government rather than a communist-dominated government. The Ethiopian people wished their country’s democratic system would entertain 1) free and fair elections; 2) active participation of the Ethiopian citizens in politics and civic life; 3) protection of the human rights; and 4) the existence of rule of law, in which the laws and procedures of the country apply equally to all citizens (See for example, Stanford University, 2004).

The Ethiopian elites redefined the transitional Ethiopia’s political and social structure. Starting with the formation of the Ethiopian Constitution in 1994, the Ethiopian government was forced to cope with new realities and to seek its own path toward the formation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

Over twenty-five years later, Ethiopia has yet to implement the democratic ideals listed above. In his article, ”Let us not make a mistake: The TPLF is first and foremost a Communist Party,” author Teshome Beyene Berhe warns us that, though never officially acknowledged, the Tigrain People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) has been preaching and practicing communism ever since its inception. The primary principles of communism followed by the TPLF included 1) democratic centralism; 2) the use of iron discipline as the unshakable rule of the game; 3) consensus decision making processes; and 4) denouncement and subversion of rival political parties (November 25, 2017).

Using Teshome’s argument, the purpose of this paper is to briefly review the Tigrai People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) Conference held in Makele.  More specifically, the article attempts to review whether the procedures of the 35-day TPLF conference validate Teshome’s argument that the TPLF 1) adheres to the mottos of democratic centralism, and 2) uses iron discipline to execute the party’s decisions.

Democratic centralism

Based on information provided by the propaganda machine of the Ethiopian ruling class, most outsiders might think that the Ethiopian People’s Ruling Democratic Front (EPRDF) attempts to purport a dialectical combination of democracy (encouraging free and open discussion) and centralism (ensuring party unity and discipline) to rule the country while transitioning to democracy. In other words, when juxtaposed with the outside world, the EPRDF might give the impression that though Ethiopia is currently ruled by a monolithic party, it is using a synergy between democratic and centralism to charter Ethiopia’s course to democracy.

However, as Teshome argues, the TPLF does not seem to be transitioning to democracy and is not exercising what it propagates to the outside world. Teshome argues that, particularly in Tigrai Region, the TPLF hardly tolerates dissention. The TPLF generally requires decisions made at the upper echelon of the leadership, without any deviation, to be implemented into action at the lowest level of the region’s administrative structure. Whatever central party members decide, every level of administration is supposed to implement it without any change.

A study of the recent “35-days Conference,” which ran from October through the beginning of December 2017, in Mekele, Tigrai Region, reveals that, though the people of Tigrai are supposed to be sovereign with the highest form of political authority, except by the 45 nominal elected members, the worede people were not allowed to evaluate their representatives at the central committee level. Instead of giving the worede people control over their elected representative, the TPLF’s ardently communist members acted arbitrarily either to oust some members from the Federal Politburo or temporally suspend others from the TPLF Central Committee.

In other words, instead of considering the needs of the local population, the TPLF made decisions based on communistic guidelines. The ‘old guard’ and certain party-selected local representatives were given the discretionary power to make immediate decisions. However, if the TPLF Party seriously applied the 2011 Federal constitutional amendment that granted self-rule to local units (woredes), it would have produced effective bargaining for civic society and assured checks and balances (Desta, 2017).

Iron Discipline rules the Game  

The guiding principle of communism is party discipline. Given that the TPLF is the only monolithic party, it bases the guiding organizational nature of its democratic centralist party on rigorous discipline, criticism, and self-criticism of party members. As Teshome rightly argues, the Tigrai communist party “…invokes and enforces iron disciplines. Members must toe the line and respect party lines rules and procedures…”

To dismantle Ethiopia’s despotic military rule, the TPLF relied upon rigorous party discipline to achieve power. At this juncture, observers must ask why the TPLF continues to insist upon communism and holding the people of Tigrai prisoners of an outdated system when other regions in Ethiopia try so hard to embrace democracy?

At every sub-district (woreda) level in Tigrai, residents have little meaningful power to select their representatives. Meanwhile, local people have no rights to elect representatives willing to hear to their needs and suggestions. For example, during the last election in 2015, some federal members of parliament never even visited their local districts to share their future agendas. Adding insult to injury, some nominal candidates never bothered to hear their constituencies’ concerns. Furthermore, other political rival party members were denounced and threatened by the cadres of the ruling party not to assemble freely and voice their agendas.  In the recent thirty-five-day conference in Mekele, Tigrai, the same members of the ‘old guard’ were chosen to maintain the status quo instead of fighting to make substantial improvements.

Conclusion  

 

While battling the Military Junta or the Derg in Ethiopia for more than seventeen years, the TPLF might have effectively used its communistic ideologies to create the illusion that the TPLF had unlimited appetite for membership and power in order to acquire supporters.  After the country had emerged from communist military misrule, however, it should be crystal clear that the absorbing capacity of the TPLF is extremely limited.  As a result, though the country has educated many of its people, the new progressive generation has failed to cross the bridge and reignite Ethiopia’s modus operandi. Instead, the communist ‘old guard’ of the TPLF Party remain in power—and others not officially in power control the Tigrai Region’s electoral process.

Those narrow ideologies unquestionably linked to Ethiopia’s institutional failure can no longer excuse themselves by claiming they once liberated the Ethiopia’s downtrodden masses from the brutal military rule. Now that a number of formerly socialist countries have abandoned communism, why do the TPLF members continue to place the Tigrai’s destiny in the hands of an outdated and deadly communist ideology?

Instead, let local self-government flourish under representative democracy so the Tigrai people can live peacefully, without oppression or fear. For too long, the Tigrai Region has been governed in the interest of the few. Finally, the outspoken, Teshome has challenged the system and sounded the trumpet, and it will take the combined strengths of all Tigraians to make substantial changes.

The recent “35 days conference,” held in Makele, was a mockery that achieved no fundamental change. Without consulting the people of Tigrai, officials from the same group have been given new huts. The TPLF Party has had its own way for far too long, and a culture of political cronyism and favoritism has prevailed for over twenty-five years. The people of Tigrai have allowed a few powerful individuals to rise above the law to and enforce their poisonous ideologies—but the time for change has com

Sources: tigraionline

 

Readers Comments (0)






WARARKA MAANTA

Maxuu ku sugnaa degaanka somalida markii uu yimid mudane mustafe warbixintan akhri by adan basey

February 20, 2019
Ha noqonin habar fadhida lagdin la fudud. Anigoon marnaba diidaynin in madaxwayne Mustafa Omer iyo maamulkiisaba la dhaliilo hadana ...

Daawo: Muuse Biixi oo soo dhaweyntii u filayay ka waayay Itoobiya & hordhaca kulan adag

February 20, 2019
Madaxweynaha Somaliland iyo weftigii uu hoggaaminayey, ayaa gaadhay caasimadda dalka Itoobiya ee Addis Ababa, waxana halkaas si diirran ...

Daawo sawirada: Madaxweynaha Jabuuti Oo Kulan Xasaasi Ah La Qaatay Dhigiisa Soomaaliya Farmaajo

February 20, 2019
Madaxweynaha Dowlada Federaalka Soomaaliya Mudane Maxamed Cabdullaahi Farmaajo ayaa wada hadallo miradhal ah Qasriga Madaxtooyada Jabuuti kula ...

Qaraxyo Saaka ruxay Magaalada Baardheere iyo Ciidamo Itoobiyaan ah oo ku Faafay Xaafadaha

February 20, 2019
Wararka ka imaanaya Degmada Baardheere ee Gobolka Gedo ayaa sheegaya in saaka ay qaraxyo ka dhaceen magaaladaasi. Qaraxyada ayaa ...

Madaxweyne Farmaajo iyo Muuse Biixi oo ku kulmaya Addis Ababa & Warar Sheegaya in…

February 20, 2019
Madaxweynaha Dowlada Federalka Soomaaliya Maxamed Cabdulahi Farmajo iyo Madaxweynaha Maamulka Somaliland Muuse Biixi ayaa lagu wadaa inay ...

Maxaa Horyaala oo ay ka wada hadli doonaan Madaxweyne Farmaajo iyo Ismaaciil Cumar Geelle?

February 20, 2019
Madaxweynaha Dowlada Federaalka Soomaaliya mudane Maxamed Cabdullaahi Farmaajo ayaa xalay gaaray dalka Jabuuti waxa ...

Axmed Madoobe Oo Dad Caan Ka Ah Deegaanada Jubbaland Xilal Umagacaabay [Akhri Digreeto]

February 18, 2019
Wareegto ka soo baxday xafiiska madaxweynaha maamulka jubbland Mudane Axmed Islam Axmed Madoobe ayaa waxaa lagu ...

Madaxweyne Farmaajo oo Safar Deg deg ah uga Ambabaxay Muqdisho, Halkuu kusii jeedaa?

February 18, 2019
Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya Mudane Maxamed Cabdullaahi Farmaajo iyo wafdi uu hoggaaminayo ayaa u ambabaxay dalka Burundi, kaddib ...

XOG: Goormee ayuu soo Bilowday dagaalka Farmaajo iyo Uhuru Kenyaata, Maxaase Sababay?

February 18, 2019
Warar hoose oo ay heleyso Wakaalada wararka ee jigjiga.net ayaa sheegaya in Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya Maxamed Cabdulaahi Farmaajo ...

Hogaanka Arimaha Dibada Onlf oo Si Adag Uga Hadlay Shidaalka ogaadeeniya

February 16, 2019
Shidaalka Ogaadeenya waa hanti qaran oo shacabka Soomaaliyeed leeyahay, lamana aqbali karo in sidii la doono laga yeelo ...

Dowladaha Itoobiya iyo Jabuuti oo kala saxiixday heshiiska dhoofinta Gaaska

February 16, 2019
Sida ay qortay Wakaaladda Wararka Itoobiya ENA , Wadamada Jabuuti iyo Itoobiya ayaa kala saxiixday heshiis ...

Xog: Meydadkii Al Shabaab-kii Weeraray Hotel DUSITD2 oo loo qaaday meel ka baxsan dalka Kenya, Ogow Sababta?

February 16, 2019
Wararka ka imaanaya magaalada Nairobi ee caasimada dalka Kenya ayaa sheegaya in dalka Mareykanka loo qaaday meydadka ...

DAAWO: Wariye Coldoon Oo Bixiyay Jawaab Lama Filaan Isla Markana Cadeyay Sababta Jig-Jiga u Jooga

February 16, 2019
Wariye Samafale Cabdi Maalik Muuse Coldoon oo wariyaasha la hadlay ayaa jawaaab adag ka bixiyay hadal ...

DHAGEYSO: Wasiirka Amniga XFS oo Hal Arrin kaga digay Ciidamada ku howlan sugida amniga Muqdisho

February 16, 2019
Wasiirka wasaaradda amniga Soomaaliya Maxamed Abuukar Islow (Ducaale) oo la hadlayay warbaahinta ayaa faray ciidamada dowladda ee ku ...

DAAWO: Hub Aruursiga Ruushka, USA, China, Iran & diyaar garowga dagaalkii 3-aad ee Aduunka

February 10, 2019
Diyaar Garowga Dagaalkii Sedexaad ee aduunka: Iran oo Cabsi geliyay Yahuuda, Ruushka oo U goodiyay Mareykanka, Cabsida Trump ...

10-Qodob oo laga soo saaray Shirkii Garsoorka Soomaaliya (Akhriso Warmurtiyeedka)

February 10, 2019
6-7da Febraayo 2019, ayaa Maxkamadda Sare ee Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya waxay magaaladda Muqdisho ku martigalisay shir sanadeedka Garsoorka ...

Daawo: xaflad balaadhan oo lagu taageerayay maamulka DDS oo minesota ka dhacday

February 10, 2019
Magalada Minneapolis ee state-ka Minessota waxaa lagu Qabtay xaflad si Heer sare ah loo soo Agaasimay oo ay ...

Askar Dilal kala duwan Muqdisho ka Geystay oo Gacanta lagu dhigay iyo Taliska Booliska oo…

February 9, 2019
Taliska Ciidamada Booliska Soomaaliyeed ayaa ka hadlay dilal ay Askar Boolis ah Muqdisho ugu geysteen dad shacab oo ...

Masuuliyiinta ONLF & Safiirka Soomaliya ee Itoobiya oo Kulmay.

February 8, 2019
axaa shalay magalada Addis Ababa Ee caasimada Itoobiya kulan laba geesood ah kuyeeshay Masuuliyiinta Jabhada ...

Howlgallo Culus oo ka bilowday Boosaaso

February 8, 2019
Wararka inaga soo gaaraya Magaalada Boosaaso ee xarunta Gobolka Bari ayaa waxa ay sheegayaan in halkaasi ay ka ...

ITOOBIYA oo 6-wadan lacagtood & Dahab farabadan Gacanta ku dhegtay kadib..

February 8, 2019
Wararka ka imaanaya degmada Wajaale oo ku taala xuduuda Dowladda Ethiopia maamulka Somaliland la wadaago ayaa sheegaya in ...

Qiimayn: maxaa iska badalay xaalada deegaanka 6-dii bilood ee mustafe joogay.

February 8, 2019
Markaan si mug iyo miisaan leh ugu Kuur Galay xaalada deegaankeenu ku sugan yahay ee dhinacyada Amniga, siyaasada, ...

Taliyihii Ciidanka Kala Soo Goostay Somaliland oo Xog Badan Fashiliyey Kuna Wajahan Furimaha-VIDEO.

February 7, 2019
Magaalada Garoowe ee caasimadda dowladda Puntland ayaa waxaa habeenkii 2aad ku sugan taliyihii ciidamada booliska Somaliland ee aagga ...

Madaxweyne Farmaajo oo ka hadlay Shirka Shidaalka Soomaaliya ee London

February 7, 2019
Madaxweynaha Dowlada federalka Soomaaliya mudane Maxamed Cabdullaahi Farmaajo ayaa ka hadlay Shirka looga hadlaayo suuqgeynta ...

DEG_DEG: Baarlamaanka DDS oo hadhaagii xukuumadii cabdi maxamud laga sifeeyay & 12 xubnood oo seeftu qaaday

February 7, 2019
Xildhibaanada Dowlad Degaanka Soomaalida ayaa 12 xildhibaan xasaanadda kala noqday kaddib markii ay yeesheen kulan maanta. Xildhibaanadan ayaa ...

Cabdi Maxamuud Cumar oo Afka Furtay kana hadlay Arrimo ku saabsan Maxkamadeyntiisa

February 7, 2019
Madaxweynihii hore ee dowlad deegaanka Soomaalida Cabdi Maxamuud Cumar ayaa markii ugu horeysay ka hadlay xarigiisa iyo ...

Yaa Abaaulaya Hagar daamada Dawlada Soomaaliya Lala rabo in Lagu Jilaafeeyo Shirka Shidaalka Ee London

February 6, 2019
Waxaa maalin kaddib lagu wadaa in magaalada London ee Britain uu ka dhaco shir lagu soo bandhigi doono ...

Ethiopia oo sharci cusub ka soo saartay cabitaanka sigaarka iyo khamriga

February 6, 2019
Baarlamaanka dalka ethiopia ayaa maanta kala fadhigii 24aad oo ay isugu yimaadeen ku ansixiyay sharci cusub oo ...

Daawo: Wasiir Sacad Cali Shire oo iftiimiyay deyntii 80-milyan ahyed ee xukuumada somaliland

February 6, 2019
Wasiirka wasaarada maaliyada Maamulka Somaliland Sacad Cali Shire ayaa beeniyay warar sheegayay in xukuumadii madaxweyne Axmed Maxamed ...

Saciid Deni oo Safarkii ugu horeeya galay kadib magacaabista Golahiisa wasiirada

February 6, 2019
Madaxweynaha Puntland Saciid Cabdullaahi Deni ayaa qorsheynaya inuu isku diyaariyo safarkiisii ugu horeeyay ee uu kaga dhaqaaqayo magaalada ...